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Terrorism - Counterinsurgency

تجديد الخطاب الديني كمناسبة أخرى لاستدعاء الوطني وصعود الشعبوي

على أثر تفجير كنيستي المرقسية في الإسكندرية وطنطا وتبني ولاية سيناء لهما في أبريل 2017، تصاعدت الاتهامات حول مسؤولية الأزهر عن هذه الأحداث، بدرجة أو بأخرى، نظرا لانتشار الأفكار المتطرفة التي تتبناها التيارات الجهادية، والإدعاء باستنادها لنفس التراث الفقهي والعقائدي للأزهر فيما يتعلق بالعلاقة مع المجتمع وغير المسلمين من المسيحيين، والذي انتهي باستقطاب أفراد وجماعات للعنف والقتال ضد المجتمع والمختلف. ومن ثم نكوص الأزهر عن القيام بمسؤوليته التاريخية والمجتمعية نحو تجديد الخطاب الديني في سبيل تحقيق السلام المجتمعي وإجهاض أي احتقان محتمل بين المسلمين والأقباط في إطار الحاضنة المصرية المجتمعية. تمثل قضية تجديد الخطاب الديني وجها لصراع أوسع بين الدولة والأزهر حول علاقة ...

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Available Now: The Political Theology of ISIS by Ahmad Dallal

[Cover for the Political Theology of ISIS]

Ahmad Dallal's The Political Theology of ISIS: Prophets, Messiahs, & "the Extinction of the Grayzone" is now available for purchase on TadweenPublishing.com! Read a description of the book below and place an order today:   Description The Political Theology of ISIS: Prophets, Messiahs, & "the Extinction of the Grayzone" More than any other actor on the contemporary Arab political landscape, ISIS represents the most expansive and potent threat to the territoriality of the modern Arab nation states, and it has exceeded the expectations of all observers in its expansiveness and resilience. While it is true that the ...

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A Critical Retrospective on Obama’s Rhetoric of New Beginnings

“Who is that guy?” Barack Obama’s impressive oratorical skills rocketed him onto the national stage of US politics in 2004 when he, then a freshman senator from Illinois, delivered a speech of stunning eloquence at the Democratic Party national convention. Four years later, he won two decisive victories, first beating Hillary Clinton to become the Democratic Party nominee and then beating Republican Party nominee John McCain to become the president of the United States. Obama’s smooth and imaginative rhetoric was one of the ways his victory seemed to herald a turning point after eight years of George W. “I’m the Decider” Bush’s bullying inarticulateness. In May 2009, ...

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الإعلام في أحداث الكرك: استسلام للرقابة الذاتية وتسليم بالرواية الحكومية

[المصدر موقع المدينة الاخبارية]

العام 2004. كانت العاصمة الإسبانية تحاول الاستفاقة من هول الصدمة التي خلفتها تفجيرات متزامنة لأربعة من خطوط القطارات في مدريد. قُتل في تلك الهجمات نحو مئتي شخص وجرح ما يقارب الألفين. سارعت الحكومة فورًا لاتهام حركة «إيتا» الانفصالية بالوقوف وراء العملية، لكن الصحافة الإسبانية كان لها استنتاج مختلف. لاحظ الصحفيون الإسبان الذين تقصوا هجمات القطارات فروقًا واضحة بين أسلوب العملية والأساليب التي جرت حركة «إيتا» الانفصالية على استخدامها. أخذوا على عاتقهم مهمة استجواب الحكومة وأمطروا المسؤولين بالأسئلة الصعبة حول ملابسات ما جرى، مرجّحين تورط القاعدة. اتهم رؤساء تحرير الحكومةَ بإخفاء المعلومات عن هوية المنفذين، واعتبروا أن مشاركة بلادهم في الحرب على العراق كانت السبب وراء ما ...

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Media on Media Roundup (September 6)

[ A huge graffiti artwork of Alan Kurdi on the banks of Main river near European Central Bank HQ in Frankfurt. Photograph: Frank C. Müller: Wikimedia Creative Commons]

This week’s Jadaliyya "Media on Media" roundup is set against the backdrop of a variety of issues. In a targeted airstrike, ISIS propaganda mastermind was killed, resulting in a major blow to the organization, which has built its recruiting efforts around the media. Alan Kurdi, the three-year-old Syrian boy whose image made global headlines, has been dead for a year now. This was an occasion for a number of media outlets to question what has changed during that period, drawing comparisons with the recently published image of Omran Daqneesh who sat bloodied and shell-shocked in an ambulance. Ironically, the Syrian Ministry of Tourism recently published a ...

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Media on Media Roundup (August 23)

[Still shot from video of the little boy Omran Daqneesh that shocked the world. Mahmoud Raslan/Aleppo Media Center]

This week’s Jadaliyya "Media on Media" Roundup features a host of articles about Omran Daqneesh, the five-year-old Syrian child who has become a symbol for the voices decrying airstrikes in Aleppo. British cartoonist Martin Rowson’s depiction of the situation offers a grim assessment entitled Dance of Death. The New York Times draws comparisons between Daqneesh’s picture, and its impact on discourse regarding the Syrian civil war, and that of the now iconic image of Alan Kurdi. Meanwhile, Polimedia published an extensive compilation of the mainstream media coverage of an apparent handshake snub between an Egyptian and Israeli athlete at the Olympics. All of ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (July 6)

[Turkish flag flies at half mast in the wake of the attack on Istanbul's Atatürk Airport. Photo By Pivox, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] English Ataturk Airport Attack Both the BBC and Bianet provide biographies of those murdered in the attack at Istanbul’s Atatürk Airport. Reports for The Economist and The Washington Post put the attack in the larger context of recent Turkish politics. Reactions to the attacks from Kaya Genç in Pacific Standard, Daniel Byman and Steven Cook in ...

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Repairing America’s Broken Foreign Policy

[George H. W. Bush, Barack Obama, George W. Bush, Bill Clinton and Jimmy Carter. Image by Pete Souza, Obama-Biden Transition Project via Wikipedia]

US foreign policy is a danger to the United States and to the world, and it has been for some time. As President Dwight Eisenhower famously foretold in his farewell address of January 1961, the Military-Industrial Complex (MIC) now transcends political parties and administrations, keeping the country embroiled in perpetual wars. These military adventures, especially the covert operations led by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), undermine political stability in the Americas, Africa, the Middle East, and Central Asia. They incite what they claim to be fighting and preventing: terrorism. As a result, US citizens are left poorer and less secure, to say nothing of the ...

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A Belgian Bombing in Istanbul: How Small States Manage Terrorist Moments

[Screenshot of http://www.iyigunler.net/gundem/belcikada-teror-saldirisi-istanbulu-kana-bulayan-belcikali-terorist-edward-joris-h291855.htm.]

A century and a decade ago, an Istanbul court sentenced a Belgian named Edouard Joris to death for his part in a bomb attack on the Ottoman sultan. Joris was involved with two of the terrorisms of the turn of the century: anarchism and Armenian nationalism. The young man had moved from Antwerp to Istanbul in 1901. He found a job at the Singer sewing machine factory and struck up a friendship with the man at the next workbench, an Armenian. Joris accompanied this friend to meetings of the activist cell planning the attack and facilitated their preparations in various ways. Crucially, he placed an order for a custom-made carriage, fashioned with a cavity large enough to ...

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Humanism and Its Others

[Banksy's Armoured Peace Dove, West Bank, Palestine, 2007. Image by eddiedangerous on Flickr.]

Who could possibly be against humanism? Wouldn’t this be tantamount to being against humanity—that is, being against oneself? This all depends, of course, on whether you have had the chance to count among those who are considered to be “human” in the first place—or, to put it in the terms of contemporary protests in the United States and elsewhere, whether you are one whose life is seen to matter. The critique of humanism that has emerged in the late twentieth and early twenty-first century is first and foremost an attack upon the dehumanization of certain populations, an attack that has all too often been carried out in the name of humanism itself. One way to begin to ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (February 23)

[Ankara, 21 February 2016. Image via Wikimedia Commons.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] English Ankara Bombing Too Bad For Turkey Cafer Solgun argues that, regardless of which group is ultimately found responsible for the Ankara bombing, the attack “has exposed the ongoing intelligence and security weakness” of the Turkish government.  Syrian Shadows Fall Over Ankara Hasan Kanbolat laments, “It used to be that Turkey stood as an ...

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« Les organisations policières se trouvent en position de force » entretien avec Emmanuel Blanchard

[Image d'un véhicule de police à Toulouse. Image par Mic/Flickr]

[Emmanuel Blanchard est historien, spécialiste des pratiques policières en situation coloniale. Il est également engagé de longue date dans la défense des droits des étrangers en France et dans l'Union Européenne. Il a accepté de s'entretenir avec Jadaliyya au sujet de la sécuritisation des politiques migratoires européennes, de l'instauration de l'état d'urgence en France, des dimensions sociales et raciales de la répression, et du renforcement du poids de la police.] Thomas Serres (TS) : Donc cela fait près de vingt ans que tu milites pour défendre les droits des étrangers et la liberté de circulation[1], qu'est-ce que tu penses de l'évolution de la situation au cours ...

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New Texts Out Now: Ahmad Dallal, The Political Theology of ISIS: Prophets, Messiahs, and "the Extinction of the Grayzone"

Ahmad Dallal, The Political Theology of ISIS: Prophets, Messiahs, & "the Extinction of the Grayzone”. Washington DC: Tadween Publishing, 2017.  Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Ahmad Dallal (AD): Much has been written about ISIS. Most studies address specific aspects of the movement’s activities, but fall short of identifying the overall ISIS project that is used to homogenize and integrate the diverse constituencies targeted by ISIS. In this essay I try to identify the ...

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Media on Media Roundup (March 21)

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” Roundup examines several important topics affecting the MENA region’s mediascape. The Pentagon released an aerial photo of a building demolished by a U.S. airstrike in Syria alleged to be an al-Qaeda center. However, local activists insist it was a mosque and the airstrike killed innocent civilians. Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) executive committee member Dr. Hanan Ashrawi denounced the U.N’s decision to remove a report calling Israel an apartheid state ...

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تأملات في صناعة صورة الموت؛ اغتيال السفير

فكرة "الذات" الفلسفيّة، هي فكرة حديثة، جاءت مع عصر التنوير الأوروبي والنزعة الإنسانيّة، فالذات المفكرة والواعيّة تجد تعبيرها الوجودي الميلادي الأول في بيان ديكارت الشهير: "أنا أفكر، إذن أنا موجود"، أو ماعُرف بـ"الكوجيطو"، وبالتالي فوجودية الذات تتحدد بكونها "ذاتًا" ذات تصور ابستمولوجي، أي بوصفها ذاتًا "مفكرة عارفة"، في مقابل "موضوع" معروف ومحكوم، فيما نسميه ازدواجيّة/ثنائيّة "الذات والموضوع". وإذا كان النقد ما بعد البنيويّ وما بعد ...

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In Memoriam: A Coptic Eucharist

The previous day, shortly after they had sipped the wine symbolic of the blood of Christ and in remembrance of the Holy Communion, an explosion tore through the church leaving the their blood in small puddles on the floor and splattered on the walls and pillars. “The time will come, that whoever kills you will think that he does God’s service." This sentence from the Gospel of John 16:2 was inscribed on a sign draped along the side of the Abbaseya Cathedral where the coffins of Sunday’s bombing ...

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معالجة الإرهابيين

في 15 أغسطس/آب 2016، أصابت غارة جوية شنّها التحالف الذي تقوده السعودية مستشفى عبس الواقع في محافظة حجة في شمال غرب اليمن، مما تسبب بمقتل 19 شخصاً. وكان المستشفى، الذي شارك جميع إحداثياته مع كافة أطراف النزاع، مليئاً بالمرضى والموظفين وقت وقوع الغارة الجوية. وقد مثّل هذا القصف الهجوم الأخير من بين سلسة هجمات شُنّت على المرافق الطبية التي إمّا تديرها أو تدعمها منظّمة أطبّاء بلا حدود. وفي السنة الفائتة تم استهداف مستشفيات ومرافق أطباء بلا حدود الطبية في أفغانستان وسوريا واليمن. وفي كل من هذه الدول تدعم ...

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Jadaliyya Co-Editor Noura Erakat in New York Time's Roundtable on "Living with Terrorism"

On 15 July 2016, the New York Times published a roundtable asking, "Can We Just 'Live With' Terrorism?." Allegedly taking its que from French Prime Minister Manuel Valls's speech in the aftermath of the 2016 Bastille Day attack in Nice, the "Room for Debate" editors asked whether "society should 'live with terrorism' to avoid letting it undermine our freedoms." The roundtable featured Jadaliyya Co-Editor Noura Erakat, in addition to author Liah Greenfeld, former US attorney ...

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Why Bombing ISIS is not a Solution - A STATUS/الوضع Conversation with Rami Khoury

In this interview for STATUS/الوضع, host Moe Ali Nayel speaks with columnist and author Rami Khoury, who gives a wide-ranging diagnosis of ISIS's rise and outcomes. This conversation is a follow-up to ASI’s workshop “Understanding the ISIS Phenomenon" held at the American University of Beirut.  Rami George Khouri is a Beirut¬-based internationally syndicated political columnist and book author. A Palestinian¬Jordanian and US citizen, he was the first director of the Issam Fares Institute for ...

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Exit ISIS, Stage Left: Fighting for Laughs in Mosul and Beyond

The State of Myth has lowered its curtains. The state-sponsored Iraqi television series, which introduced itself to the world with a musical trailer featuring the marriage of the devil to an Israeli bride whose offspring hatched in the form of a miniature Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, took audiences by storm when it launched its first episode in the fall of 2014. Its theme song went viral. Actors received death threats. In the communicative battle to counter the message of the Islamic State, few efforts went so ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (March 22)

English Bombings in Ankara and Istanbul Reporting on March 13 Ankara bombing from Reuters, and The Economist PKK Taking a Page From DAESH’s Playbook The Daily Sabah editorial board accuses the HDP leadership of “radicalizing” Kurdish youth and calls on the intelligence services to take “necessary measures” to prevent further terrorist acts.  Are Deserted Streets, Shops the New Normal in Ankara? Şükrü Küçükşahin writes that gripped by fear and panic after an unprecedented string of bombings, ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (March 1)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.] English Domestic Politics Identification of Ankara Bomber Muddled by Faulty Communication  Metin Gürcan argues that the debate over the identity of the February suicide bomber ...

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الحرب على ذاكرة الحداثة: داعش مثالاً

              17 اُذْكُرْ مَا فَعَلهُ بِكَ عَمَالِيقُ فِي الطَّرِيقِ عِنْدَ خُرُوجِكَ مِنْ مِصْرَ. 18 كَيْفَ لاقَاكَ فِي الطَّرِيقِ وَقَطَعَ مِنْ مُؤَخَّرِكَ كُل المُسْتَضْعِفِينَ وَرَاءَكَ وَأَنْتَ كَلِيلٌ وَمُتْعَبٌ وَلمْ يَخَفِ اللهَ. 19 فَمَتَى أَرَاحَكَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُكَ مِنْ جَمِيعِ أَعْدَائِكَ حَوْلكَ فِي الأَرْضِ التِي يُعْطِيكَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُكَ نَصِيباً لِتَمْتَلِكَهَا تَمْحُو ذِكْرَ عَمَالِيقَ مِنْ تَحْتِ السَّمَاءِ. لا تَنْسَ. سفر التثنية – ...

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عامان من حكم داعش للمدينة الضائعة

التعليم في الرقة بين مخالب النظام وأنياب الدولة الإسلامية* مضى أكثر من عامين على آخر زيارة لمدينتي الرقة (2 - 9 أيلول/ سبتمبر 2013)، أصبحت خلالهما المدينة عَلَماً في الخارطة العالمية من باب داعش، بعد أن كان عدد لا بأس به من السوريين لا يعرف أين تقع المدينة التي تتوسط محافظة توازي مساحتها البالغة (19616 كم2) مساحة دولة الكويت، وتقترب من ضعفي مساحة لبنان. قبل سنتين، أخذت الطائرة من اسطنبول إلى أورفة (شانلي أورفا، بالتركية)، ومنها عبر "الدلمش - ميكروباص" إلى أقجة قلعة (أكجا كالا)، وهي المقابل ...

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